Compiled Family-Level Extant Phylogeny

 

This phylogeny is based off work done for the UC Museum of Paleontology in 2008. A work in progress, the objective is to complete the phylogeny to "family" for all extant groups, to order for extinct lineages. This is a multi-year task, and too big for one person. If you have a minute, please consider contributing to the project. Even just common name tags for nodes are very helpful!

Last Updated: 2014/07/16.
Updated Panarthropoda.

Systematics for this phylogeny: The following phylogeny consists of a well-accepted phylogenetic layout of animals, going until extant families. Low-level (i.e., more specific) nodes have common names first, with taxonomic names in parenthesis for ease of the general public. Placement of a node is based on a composite by the sources cited at the bottom, with the most recent publication taking precedence. The only non-peer reviewed source is the "Tree of Life" project, which itself cites its phylogenies; however, due to its dynamical nature, it is the last resource used.

A resolved phylogeny, even if speculative, is given priority to a phylogeny which contains polytomies.

How to use and read: To recollapse a portion of the tree, just click on it again. A "?" in front of a name indicates that its phylogenetic placement is uncertain, and a dagger (Extinct) indicates that the node and all its descendants are extinct. A "*" indicates that the node is known to be paraphyletic, and "**" indicates that an uncertain number of its child nodes are known to be paraphyletic (though the main node is not). Three stars (***) indicate both of these conditions.

Searching for a node highlights its child nodes in a box. Making this more general is a work in progress.

Linking: Since this project is constantly expanding, links to a particular node may not be stable in the long run. For stable links, use the search function to get to a node you want, and use the resulting permalink.

 

Quicklinks: Collapse All | Expand All | Print View

Metazoa / Coelomata

Deuterosomes
Chordata
Vertebrata
Jawed Vertebrates (Gnathostomata)
Bony Vertebrates (Osteichthyes)
Fleshy-finned Vertebrates (Sarcopterygii)
Tetrapoda
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Crown-group tetrapods
Amniota
Sauropsidareptile,reptilia
Diapsida
Neodiapsida
Sauria
Archosauromorpha
Archosauria
Avesuchia
Ornithodira
Dinosauria
Saurischia
Theropoda
Tetanurae
Avetheropoda / Neotetanurae
Coelurosauriafeathers
(Unnamed)
Maniraptoraraptors
(Unnamed)
Paraves
EumaniraptoraDeinonychosauria
(Unnamed)
Avialaebirds
(Unnamed)
Aves
Pygostylia
Ornithothoraces
Ornithomorpha
Ornithurae
Carinatae
Neornithes
Neognathae
Neoaves**
'Land Birds'
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Passeriformes
Oscines
    Suboscines
    Psittaciformes
    Falconiformes
    Falconidae
    Cariamae
Extinct Phorusrhacidaeterror bird
    Seriemas (Cariamidae)
    (Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Coraciiformes
Classical coraciiformes*
    Piciformes
    Bucerotiformes
    Trogoniformes
    Cuckoo roller (Leptosomatidae)
    (Unnamed)
Coliiformes
    Stirigiformes
    (Unnamed)
Accipitriformes
    New world vultures (Cathartidae)
    Charadriiformes
    (Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
'Water birds'
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Procellariiformes
    Sphenisciformes
    Penguins (Spheniscidae)
    Pelecaniiformes
Classical pelecaniiformes*
    Ciconiiformes*
    Gaviiformes
    Musophagiformes
    (Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Gruiformes
    Cuculiformes
    Otididae
    Opisthocomiformes
    Hoatzin (Opisthocomidae)
    (Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Caprimulgiformes
(Unnamed)
Apodiformes
    Owlet-nightjars (Aegothelidae)
    Classical caprimulgiformes*
    (Unnamed)
Sunbittern (Eurypygidae)
    Kagu (Rhynochetidae)
    (Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Columbiformes
    Mesites (Mesitornithidae)
    Pteroclidiformes
    Sandgrouse (Pteroclididae)
    Tropicbirds (Phaethontidae)
    (Unnamed)
Phoenicopteriformes
    Podicepidiformes
    Galloanserae
Galliformes
Incomplete
    Incomplete
    Anseriformes
Incomplete
    Incomplete
    Palaeognathaepaleognath,ratite
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Cassowaries (Casuariidae)
    Emu (Dromaiidae)
    Kiwis (Apteryigidae)
    Extinct Dinornithidae
    Tinamformes
Aridland tinamous (Nothurinae)
    Forest tinamous (Tinaminae)
    Rheas (Rheidae)
    (Unnamed)
(Unnamed)
Extinct Struthiolithus
    Extinct Aepyornithidae
    Ostriches (Struthionidae)
    Extinct Ichthyornis
    Extinct Hesperornis
    Extinct Patagopteryx
    Extinct Enantiornithes
Extinct Euenantiornithes
Extinct Sinornis
    Extinct Gobipteryx
    (Unnamed)
Extinct Noguerornis
    Extinct Iberomesornis
    Extinct Confusiusornithidae
    Extinct Archaeopteryx
    Extinct Anchiornis
    Extinct Aurornis
    Extinct Troodontidae
Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct Sinovenator
    Extinct Troodon
    Extinct Jinfengopteryx
    Extinct Dromaeosauridae
Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct Eudromaeosauria
Extinct Dromaeosaurinae
Extinct Dromaeosaurus
    Extinct Utahraptor
    Extinct Velociraptorinae
Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct Velociraptor
    Extinct Deinonychus
    Extinct Saurornitholestes
    Extinct Tsaagan
    Extinct Bambiraptor
    Extinct Microraptorinae
    Extinct Unenlagiinae
Extinct Unenlagia
    Extinct Austroraptor
    Extinct Mahakala
    Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct Epidendrosaurus
    Extinct Epidexipteryx
    Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct Oviraptorosauria
    Extinct Therizinosauroidea
    Extinct (Unnamed)
Extinct Alvarezsauria
Extinct Alvarezsauridae
Extinct Parvicursorinae
Extinct Mononykini
Extinct Mononykus
    Extinct Shuvuuia
    Extinct Ceratonykini
    Extinct Alvarezsaurus
    Extinct Patagonykinae
Extinct Patagonykus
    Extinct Bonapartenykus
    Extinct Ornithomimosauria
    Extinct Tyrannosauroidea
    Extinct Compsognathidae
    Extinct Carnosauria
(Unnamed)
Extinct Allosauridae
    Extinct Sinraptoridae
    Extinct Carcharodontosauridae
    (Unnamed)
Extinct Spinosauroidea
    Extinct Szechuanosaurus
    Extinct Ceratosauria
    Extinct Sauropodomorpha
    Extinct Ornithischia
    Extinct Pterosauria
    Crurotarsi
(Unnamed)
Crocodylomorpha
    (Unnamed)
Extinct Rauisuchia *
Extinct Ornithosuchidae
    Extinct Stagonolepididae
    Extinct Phytosauria
    Extinct Euparkeria
    Extinct Prolacertiformes
    Lepidosauromorpha
Lepidosauria
    Extinct Sauropterygiamarine reptile
    ? Extinct Icthyosauria
    Extinct Araeoscelidia
    ? Anapsida
Parareptilae
(Unnamed)
Procolophonia
(Unnamed)
? Testudinesturtle,tortoise
    Extinct Pareiasauridae
    Extinct Procolophonidae
    Extinct Bolosauridae
    Extinct Millerettidae
    Extinct Mesosauridae
    Synapsida
    Lissamphibiaamphibians
    Extinct Tulerpeton
    Extinct Ichthyostega
    Extinct Acanthostega
    (Unnamed)
Extinct Ventastega
    Extinct Metaxygnathus
    Lungfishes (Dipnoi)
    Ray-finned Fishes (Actinopterygii)
    Cartilaginous 'Fishes' (Chondrichthyes)
Sharks and Rays (Neoselachii)
    Holocephali
    Jawless 'Fishes' (Agnatha)
    Tunicata
    Sea stars, urchins, and cucumbers (Echinodermata)
    Protostomes
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
Arthropoda
Hexapoda
Chelicerata
Arachnidaspiders,scorpions
    Xiphosura
Myriapodacentipedes,millipedes
Crustaceacrustacean,shrimp,lobster,crab
    Extinct Trilobitomorpha
Onychophoravelvet worm
? Extinct Anomalocaridae
    Tardigradawater bear,tardigrade
    Roundworms (Nematoda)
    Lophotrochozoa
(Unnamed)
Snails, clams, squid, etc (Mollusca)octopus,oyster
    Segmented worms (Annelida)
    Flatworms and relatives (Platyzoa)

 

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